How to Install a Vertical Garden

Ways to install vertical garden

Bringing a touch of nature to indoor and outdoor environments, living walls provide many health and well-being benefits and are also great to look at.

An excellent fit for many urban, built-up areas suffering from a lack of space, green walls are growing in popularity as they help to restore a sense of nature, support and build local wildlife, add value to properties and areas, and remove harmful pollutants from the air.

To help keep that eco feeling and allow you to absorb the benefits, is now the right time to look at vertical garden installation?

What are living wall systems?

We think of living walls as vertical gardens that you can install onto the sides of buildings or walls within your home to create a unique and inspiring green space.

Systems consist of individual pockets/planters and trays. Plants are placed directly into the soil, maintained, and grown to cover the entire wall.

Systems are typically fitted with an appropriate irrigation system to keep the plants hydrated, and they should be well maintained regularly.

Installing vertical gardens should be carried out by an experienced professional to ensure the wall’s survival and success.

Experts in this field know what plants are best suited to different environments and what irrigation and drainage systems will work best, and they can support you with a good maintenance routine.

Vertical gardening setup

Installing a vertical garden requires proper planning. From identifying the area where the garden will go to the greenery that you will plant, maintenance schedules, what equipment you will require, timing, colours, textures, contrast, and more, everything must be planned and designed with precision and detail.

There are various vertical green wall solutions, such as modular systems, tray planters, and freestanding.

Then there comes irrigation systems and whether this needs to be a direct irrigation system or a recirculation.

All systems require professional installation, but all provide a great solution for its intended environment.

If you’re looking to create a vertical wall yourself at home or in your garden, installation should follow a few basic steps:

Select the wall/area you want to change. Is it suitable? Does it meet your requirements? Will the area support plant growth?

Once you have identified what system you will use, create the frame for the living wall and planting system.

To prevent fungus and mould from appearing on the wall behind due to excess moisture, add a sheet to the back of the frame to cover and block the moisture out.

Next, add the fabric that will hold the water and allow your plants to grow. (Felt carpet padding is often recommended as it won’t rot and retains water well.)

From here, hang the planter onto the wall with the pockets facing outward, ready to fill with compost and plants.

The fabric should be well stretched to avoid creases or bunching up of the planting pouches.

Add your irrigation system—the system that provides the water. Irrigation tubing is typically placed along the top of your living wall frame, allowing the water to drip through the pipe.

Use fertilisation, consider liquid fertilisation which can be added to the irrigation system.

Add your pots and fill your pouches. Follow your design and vision for the green wall.

Choose your plants carefully, taking into account humidity, wind, sun, and shade. You need your plants to thrive.

Insert your plants into the correct areas, and care for and maintain them throughout the coming weeks and months.

Look for plants that will grow approximately 2 to 3 feet in height. Arrange your plants from the top, with ferns and succulents below, as they will have shade to grow.

Points to consider

  • Living walls, ideally, require between 5-10 hours of daylight
  • It’s vital that you build irrigation and drainage solutions into your planning – don’t forget all irrigation systems must also have a feed tank kit
  • Look to install mature and full plants – think about the size and spread, as the point of a living wall is that it is visible
  • Don’t forget about the wall background, i.e., the infrastructure of the vertical wall and how you could clad this in natural finishes to blend in
  • It’s also important to remember that water runs down the vertical wall, so your plant selection and placement are vital. Plants need to grow large enough to fill the space

Benefits of a vertical green wall

No longer do you have to stare at a dull brick wall. Living walls are great for properties that have limited outdoor space or for buildings that are looking to add a little creativity and inspiration to their outdoor area.

Updating tired-looking buildings and uninspiring brickwork, living walls help inject personality into spaces, improve air quality, support health and well-being, reduce noise pollution, and support biodiversity.


With the experts at Calathology, you can create a lush garden in your tall-rise home and even use it to grow your own fruit and vegetables in no time.

These space-saving installation solutions provide many benefits and are aesthetically pleasing pieces of artwork.

Explore our range now to build your vertical wall and create a space you can admire and be proud of.